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Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt:
Roots of the French and Indian War


Fort Duquense & Fort PittTaken from “Report of the Commission to Locate the Sites of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania 1896”.

The French and Indian War was kindled in part, by the dispute over control of the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers, called the Forks of the Ohio (present day Pittsburgh, PA). Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt were at the roots of the French & Indian War in North America. The contention between Great Britain and France for the possession of the territory, now called Western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Country, began in the middle of the 18th century. The treaty of Aix la Chapelle, signed October 1st, 1748, while it nominally closed the war between those two countries in Europe, did little to stop the growing competition between the two 18th century world super powers in North America; and failed to establish the boundaries between their respective colonies in America.

The French attempted to deny the British access to the Ohio Country and built a fort at the Forks called Fort Duquesne. France’s seizure of this land that the British and their colonists claimed, would lead to many more conflicts between the British, the French and the Indians for control of the Ohio country and nearby lands.

Between 1754 and 1758, the British struggled to recapture their former land possession. With General Forbes’s march across Pennsylvania to recapture Fort Duquesne in 1758, the French were forced from the Forks and they burned Fort Duquesne with their retreat. After securing the land previously used for Fort Duquesne, the British used this land to build Fort Pitt to further secure their quest for all the land in the Ohio country previously claimed by the French. This book is that story.

Paperback, 171 pages, $19.95
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